In need of floorplan services? Let us help.
Home remodeling and poor estimates on public records can affect a property's price — and a potential buyer's interest in it. Let us give you an accurate evaluation of property area to determine a fair value when purchasing a new home, selling to potential clients, or reducing property taxes.
Order a floorplan service from LHC Appraisals
What are floorplan services?
A home measurement service is just what it sounds like: Based on your needs, an appraiser will measure the home's dimensions and area, then draw a basic or highly detailed floorplan.
The appraiser's report and floorplan is a form that can be used to prove an accurate Gross Living Area (GLA), the total livable space, of your home.
These services are helpful and often essential when disputing property taxes or selling a property.
How do measurement services work?
During a measurement service, a certified appraiser measures your home or property with a measuring tool — either a tape or laser measuring device.
As they walk the property, they note the layout of the rooms and other features, like closets, patios, and pantries.
They might sketch the property.
Then, the appraiser creates a report and a more detailed floorplan showing the total area and the general layout of the home.
The result is a document that can be used to prove certain specs of your property — like the Gross Living Area (GLA) — on tax documentation, property listings, and more.
When should I get a measurement service?
Challenging property taxes
Property tax records frequently reflect inaccurate area of a property because the values can come from several sources, and sometimes go unproven — which means you may be taxed for more square footage than you actually own!
Unless an appraiser has recently executed a valuation on your property (after any remodeling that might have affected square footage), you'll need one to perform a home measurement service before contesting what you're taxed.
An appraiser will determine an accurate Gross Living Area (GLA) of your property so your taxes can reflect your actual square footage — and you can stop paying more than your property is worth.
Putting a home up for sale
A floorplan service can secure a fair price for your house.
Area is one of the biggest elements potential buyers examine when purchasing a home — but since these values are frequently estimated rather than properly measured, your home listing may show less Gross Living Area (GLA) than it can take credit for.
An inaccurate GLA not only decreases the selling price for your property, but possibly even the amount of interested buyers.
The only reliable method of using an accurate GLA when listing your home or property is to refer to a recent appraisal or home measurement service performed by a certified appraiser (after any renovation that might have affected square footage).
Information for agents
To ensure that your client's home sells at a price that appropriately reflects true market value, we suggest seeking a home measurement of the property.
Clients, and especially potential buyers, will be grateful for your attentiveness, and you can be assured that the GLA on your client's listing is truly representative of their home.
A floorplan can also be a fantastic marketing tactic for getting potential buyers interested because they can review the layout and features of the home before and after touring.
Contact us to learn more about our floorplan services.
Measuring Houses and Counting Rooms
Using the ANSI Standards
THIS IS THE AGE OF THE CONSUMER. Home buyers are demanding more and
better information when they shop for houses. The State of Michigan has responded to
this demand by passing a number of laws which require more real estate disclosures.
Although there is still no law that requires the disclosure of the exact finished floor area
in a house, it’s probably only a matter of time before sellers and their agents are going to
have to get out the measuring tape.
The total floor area of a house is one of the most important things a buyer needs to know.
But, until recently, there has been no national consensus on how to measure a house. For
years, architects, builders, real estate agents, lenders and appraisers have been using a
hodge-podge of methods to estimate residential floor area. In commercial real estate,
where floor area is bought, sold and rented by the square foot, no one would tolerate this
kind of vagueness and uncertainty. In fact, standards for measuring office buildings have
been in effect since 1915.
This tradition of ambiguity is based on the theory that sellers and their agents will avoid
liability if they don’t make any claims about floor area. But some buyers think this is just
another way that real estate sales people are trying to trick them.
Without knowing the floor area, the home buyer does not get accurate or consistent
information to use in comparing houses. Appraisers can’t make the correct adjustments to
comparable sales and lenders have less accurate estimates of market value on which to
base their loans. Now there is no excuse. The ANSI standard is here.
The ANSI Standard for Measuring Houses
In April, 1996 the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) adopted a standard for
measuring single-family residential buildings. American National Standard Z765-1996
was developed through a process of consensus among a wide variety of participants.
These included the American Institute of Architects, the Appraisal Foundation, the
Building Owners and Managers Association, the Manufactured Housing Institute, the
National Association of Realtors, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, HUD and others.
The ANSI standards are not law, only a voluntary guide, and are subject to periodic
review and revision. But anyone using these standards must apply them as a whole, and
not just pick out the parts they like or agree with. The standards are intended for both
attached and detached single family residences, but not for apartments or multi-family
The ANSI standards base floor area calculations on the exterior dimensions of the
building at each floor level, and include all interior walls and voids. For attached units,
the outside dimension is the center line of the common walls. Internal room dimensions
aren’t used in this system of measuring.
The ANSI standards define “finished area” as “an enclosed area in a house suitable for
year-round use, embodying walls, floors, and ceilings that are similar to the rest of the
house.” Measurements must be taken to the nearest inch or tenth of a foot, and floor area
must be reported to the nearest square foot. Garages are specifically excluded.
How to Measure a House
Measuring a house is not that hard. For most houses, it’s an easy one-person job.
However, if someone offers to help, you can always let them hold the “dumb” end of the
tape. All you need is a little practice and the following tools.
A 100-foot measuring tape (fiberglass tapes work the best)
A sturdy 25-foot retractable steel measuring tape (like the ones carpenters use)
A letter-size tablet of graph paper (10 squares per inch works best for most houses)
If you measure a lot of houses, you should upgrade your tool kit with the following items.
Measuring tapes graduated in tenths of a foot (instead of inches)
An adjustable gauge for measuring unusual corner angles (such as the “Mite-R-Gage” by
A computer program such as “Apex” or “Winsketch”
A medium-size standard screwdriver
Always start by measuring the outside of the house.
Begin measuring from any corner and work your way around the house. Move counterclockwise
so the numbers on your tape will be right-side-up.
Measure the exterior of the house to the nearest inch or tenth of an inch. Measure from
the exterior face of the walls. Include any features that are on the same level as the floor,
such as chimneys and bay windows. Do not include the thickness of any corner trim
pieces or greenhouse windows that don’t have a corresponding floor level. * Use the 100-
foot tape for long wall sections and the 25-foot tape for short sections. If you can’t get
close to a wall because of landscaping or other obstacles, use your screwdriver to anchor
the 100-foot tape on the ground away from the wall.
Draw the dimensions on the graph paper as you go, with each square representing one
foot. If you measure correctly you should arrive at the exact point of beginning on your
graph paper. If not, re-measure.
Draw a separate floor plan for each level in the house. Don’t assume that each floor is
identical. Check for floors that overhang or are recessed.
When you are finished measuring the outside of the house, go inside and decide what to
include and what not to include on each level.
If there is an attached garage, exclude it. It’s not part of the finished floor area. Use the
interior wall surface of the garage next to the house as the outside wall of the house.
If there are stairs, include them on every level they serve.
When there are openings to the floor below, subtract the opening from that level.
For split-level designs, measure each level. You can lump multiple floor surfaces into one
level if they are within two feet of each other.
Exclude any areas, such as porches and converted garages, which are not finished or
heated the same as the rest of the house.
Basements and Below-Grade Floor Areas
The ANSI standards make a strong distinction between above-grade and below-grade
floor area. The above-grade floor area is the sum of all finished square footage which is
entirely above ground level. The below-grade floor area includes spaces which are
wholly or partly below ground level.
Disregard the old rules of thumb that allow you to include below-grade areas if they are
less than five feet below grade or if less than half the area is below grade. If the house has
any areas below the natural grade, measure that whole level separately. Even if the
below-grade areas are fully finished, they are not part of the finished floor area according
to ANSI standards.
Attics, Lofts and Low Ceilings
Level ceilings must be at least 7 feet high, and at least 6 feet 4 inches under beams, ducts
and other obstructions. There is no height restriction under stairs. If a room has a sloped
ceiling, at least one-half of the finished floor area must have a ceiling height of at least 7
feet. Otherwise, omit the entire room from the floor area calculations. If a room with a
sloped ceiling meets the one-half-of-floor-area-over-7-feet requirement, then include all
the floor space with a ceiling height over 5 feet.
Lofts and finished attics must be accessible by a conventional stairway or other access to
be counted. If you can only reach the loft by climbing a ladder, it’s not part of the
finished floor area regardless of the ceiling height.
Detached Rooms, Guest Cottages, Granny Units and Dwelling Units
According to the ANSI standards, finished areas which are not connected to the main
residence by a finished hall or stairway must be listed separately. If you have to leave the
house to get to the room, it’s not part of the finished floor area.
These detached living areas are called various things: “detached bedrooms,” “guest
cottages,” “family care units (granny units),” “guest quarters” and “dwelling units.”
A detached bedroom is a separate structure containing one room only without a kitchen
or bathroom. It must be designed for and intended to be used as a sleeping or living
facility for family members. It must be used in conjunction with the main house which
includes a kitchen and a bathroom. Detached bedrooms can’t be located farther than 150
feet from the main house and can’t exceed 500 square feet in floor area.
A guest cottage is like a detached bedroom with a bathroom, but no kitchen. It can’t
exceed 640 square feet in floor area and must be a permanent structure, not a trailer or
mobile home. It can’t have a kitchen, wet bar or any provision for appliances for the
storage or preparation of food. It must be clearly subordinate and incidental to the main
house. Guest cottages can’t be rental units. They must be used without compensation by
guests of the occupants of the main house.
A family care unit (sometimes called a granny unit) is determined more by use than
design. It is the temporary use of a building, structure or trailer to provide housing for the
Immediate family members who require daily supervision and care; or
People who provide daily supervision and care for the people who reside in the main
A full dwelling unit is a single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for
one or more people, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking
and sanitation. A dwelling unit can have only one kitchen.
Room Counts, Bedrooms and Bathrooms
The real estate profession often describes houses by their total room count, the number of
bedrooms and the number of bathrooms they contain. For example, the shorthand
convention “5/2/1.5” describes a house with 5 rooms, 2 bedrooms and 1.5 bathrooms.
Local custom determines the definition of a “room.” In general, a room is a kitchen, a
bedroom, a living room, a dining room, a family room, an office or a den. Rooms do not
have to be divided by walls as long as there is space for the designated function. In the
Northern Michigan market area therefore, the area in a housed with a Great Room that
encompasses the kitchen, dining and living rooms will have the Great Room counted as
three rooms even though there are no walls to separate those areas. Lofts used as
bedrooms are seen by the market as acceptable bedrooms and even though they may not
have full privacy, they can be counted as a bedroom. Bathrooms, laundry rooms, sun
rooms, closets, storage rooms and entries are not usually considered to be rooms.
What is the difference between a den and a bedroom? If the den can function as a
bedroom, there may be no difference at all. What is the difference between a dining area
and a dining room? If you could add walls and it would remain functionally the same, a
dining area can be called a dining room.
A bedroom is any room that you can fit a conventional bed into. Usually the local zoning,
building or health codes establish minimum requirements for bedrooms. In general,
bedrooms should be at least 90 square feet in size, with at least one bedroom in the house
120 square feet in size. Bedrooms should have a window which provides an emergency
exit, natural light and ventilation.
Bedrooms should have direct access to a hallway, living room or other common area.
You should not have to walk through one bedroom to get to another. A bedroom should
have a closet, but this is optional. Before closets, people stored their clothes in armoires
Local custom also defines the bathroom. In the Northern Michigan market area, a full
bathroom will include a toilet, a sink, and a tub, tub/shower unit or a shower. A bath with
only a shower is still seen by the market as a full bath and is considered to be a full bath;
not a ¾ bath. A half bath may have a toilet and a sink or a toilet only.
As more real estate listings are posted on the Internet, it’s likely that consumers will
expect some national standards for measuring houses and counting rooms. Also, the new
EDI (electronic data interchange) technology being adopted by lenders will require some
common standards. Realtors who measure houses correctly and accurately will help raise
the standards of the profession and improve consumer confidence.